Periods happen because of changes in hormones in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus (or womb) to build up. The built up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach and start developing. NO EGG, then it is PERIOD TIME!
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For the first few years after a girl starts her period, it may not come regularly. This is normal at first. It should become more regular and able to be tracked/predicted.
On average, periods last five days. Note, that the days could be shorter or longer. Also on average, a period comes once a month, but some months have five weeks and so your period may come twice in the same month. Some women only get one period every six weeks. Our periods are unique and customer made. Extremely special.
In addition to our periods beginning, we have a pre-heating signal and it is called premenstrual syndrome or better known as PMS. Yes, before a period onsets, emotional and physical symptoms can occur. PMS can be subtle reactions and other reactions can be more defined. Some symptoms to be aware of include: moodiness, sadness, anxiety, bloating, and acne. GREAT, right? Women/girls get to be so complex and interesting; we are awesome! If we start preparing because we know it is coming, we will survive.
SIDE NOTE: Do men know we get approximately 10-14 days a month before our bodies are bloating and bleeding just to possibly bring life or not in this world! (Give her a bull horn and a soap box).
Okay, do we know about menstruating? Can you explain to someone who does not know anything about it? It has been broke down and made plain. Discuss you thoughts down below. Before we go let's discuss when to call a doctor.
Call Your Doctor If Your Daughter:
is 15 years old and does not have her period
has developed breasts more than three years ago and does not have her period
is more than two years from her first period and her periods still do not come every 3-6 weeks (especially is she misses three or more periods in a row)
has severe cramps, not relieved by over the counter medicine
has heavy bleeding (bleeding that goes through a pad or tampon faster than every two hours)
has severe PMS that gets in the way of her everyday activities
Be Active. Be Prepared. Be Encouraged. It is a privilege to experience your period, meet it head on and treat your body and mind with care.